Robert T. and Pat Evans
Family Web Site
A few things about this great prophet
Abraham's father, Terah was politically important. Jasher 7:49
Terah would be what we call the Prime Minister of Ur.
Abraham's wife, Sarah, was his half sister. Gen. 20:12
Terah apparently had plural wives, as many politically important people in the mid east had.
Sarah's mother was probably of very high birth. This made her politically "fair". Gen 12:11
Abraham made several hundred converts in Haran (Padan-Aram). They followed him to Canaan. Gen. 12:5
After Abraham and Lot parted, Abraham took his people to Mamre (just north of Hebron), where he formed an alliance with the Amorites Gen. 14:13
In those days, Canaan was dominated by Melchizedek, to whom Abraham paid tithes. Gen 14:20
A short time later Melchizedek, along with his city, disappear from history. I think they were translated.
Possibly, the relationship with Abraham's Amorite allies soured, eventually forcing him to move. Abraham was apparently distressed by this
development so he went to the Lord in prayer. God's answer is found in Gen 15. He tells Abraham that his seed (I believe Abraham himself
was included) would now be forced into bondage for four hundred years, until the iniquity of the Amorites was full. Gen. 15:16
He went to what is now the Negev Desert. Gen. 20:1
After Melchizedek, southern Canaan was controlled by Hebrew people related to Abraham. These are the Philistines mentioned in Gen. 22:34.
These Philistines were not the same as the Philistines of Saul and David's time. They were ruled by city kings; but, over them was an
Abimelech (Father King or King of Kings). The Abimelech established his capital at the city of Gerar. So Abraham had to go to Gerar
to get permission to live in the Negev. Abimelech demanded tribute in the form of the politically fair Sarah. Gen. 20:2
The Abimelech and Abraham made a treaty after Sarah was returned. In the terms of the treaty, Abraham could have the pick of whatever
land in southern Canaan he wanted. Gen 20:14-16.
Apparently Abraham chose Mamre, though the Bible does not record the move back to that place. In addition to Mamre, Abraham also acquired
Hebron and the upper valley of the Besor River, which included Beer-Sheba. He ruled these lands as a sheik or king.
Late in his life, Abimelech became concerned about the loyalty of Abraham, especially his loyalty to the next Abimelech. So the King of Kings
brought the commander of his army (and almost certainly his army) to Beer-Sheba, where he confronted Abraham (who almost certainly
brought his little army). Here they made a treaty where Abraham put himself and his heirs into subjection (or bondage) to the Abimelech.
Later, a descendant of the Abimelech would gather his army, with their families, and move to Egypt. This man was Salitis, founder of the
Fifteenth Dynasty of Egypt. He was also the Pharaoh of Joseph. The total time of Abraham's subjection to the Abimelech and his descendant
Pharaohs was 430 years. Ex. 12:41
A very short time later, the Lord demanded Abraham sacrifice Isaac. Gen. 22:2. This resulted in a covenant which Paul referred to in Gal. 3:17.
Note that Paul said it was 430 years from this covenant until Israel was at Sinai.
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